An exploratory study of schema-based word-problem-solving instruction for middle school students with learning disabilities: An emphasis on conceptual and procedural understanding

Asha Jitendra, Caroline M. DiPipi, Nora Perron-Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

This exploratory study extends the research on schema-based strategy instruction by investigating its effects on the mathematical problem solving of 4 middle school students with learning disabilities who were low-performing in mathematics. A multiple-probe-across-participants design included baseline, treatment, generalization, and maintenance. During treatment, students received schema strategy training in problem schemata (conceptual understanding) and problem solution (procedural understanding). Results indicated that the schema-based strategy was effective in substantially increasing the number of correctly solved multiplication and division word problems for all 4 participants. Maintenance of strategy effects was evident for 10, 5 1/2, and 2 1/2 weeks following the termination of instruction for Sara, Tony, and Percy, respectively. In addition, the effects of instruction generalized to novel word problems for all 4 participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-38
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Special Education
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

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