An Exploration of the Relationship Between Diabetes and Depression Among Immigrants in the United States

Josefina Flores Morales, Manka Nkimbeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Research on health outcomes, especially about chronic conditions, among immigrants is necessary to meet the health care needs of this growing population. This study examines the relationship between diabetes and depression among immigrants using the 2006–2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). We find a correlation between having diabetes and depression among foreign-born individuals. Being a woman, poor, and from specific regions in Latin America are associated with a higher odds of comorbid diabetes and depression. Out of the individuals with both diabetes and depression, the burden of both conditions seems to be concentrated among foreign-born individuals from Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. We find a correlation between having diabetes and depression among foreign-born individuals, similar to that found in U.S.-born populations. Both of these conditions contribute to the burden of disease in the U.S, and we question whether patterns of both diseases (co-morbidities) are evenly or unevenly distributed in the immigrant population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Research is supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Many thanks to Dr. Anne R. Pebley?and Dr.?Vilma Ortiz for their comments on this project. A previous version of this project was presented at the Population Association of America 2017. Both authors equally contributed to this manuscript. This project was supported in part by the California Center for Population Research at UCLA (CCPR), which receives core support (P2C- HD041022) from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

Funding Information:
Research is supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Many thanks to Dr. Anne R. Pebley and Dr. Vilma Ortiz for their comments on this project. A previous version of this project was presented at the Population Association of America 2017. Both authors equally contributed to this manuscript. This project was supported in part by the California Center for Population Research at UCLA (CCPR), which receives core support (P2C- HD041022) from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Chronic conditions
  • Immigrant health
  • Immigration
  • Mental health

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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