An exploration of methods for rating children's productions of sibilant fricatives

Benjamin Munson, Kari Urberg Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: This paper examines three methods for providing ratings of within-category detail in children's productions of /s/ and /?/. Method: A group of listeners (n = 61) participated in a rating task in which a forced-choice phoneme identification task was followed by one of three measures of phoneme goodness: visual analog scaling, direct magnitude estimation, or a Likert-scale judgment. Results: All three types of ratings were similarly correlated with sounds' acoustic characteristics. Visual analog scaling and Likert-scale judgments had higher intrarater reliability than did direct magnitude estimation. Moreover, both of them elicited a wider range of judgments than did direct magnitude estimation. Conclusion: Based on our evaluation, Likert-scale judgments and visual analog scaling are equally useful tasks for eliciting within-category judgments. Of these two, visual analog scaling may be preferable because it allows for more distinct levels of response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-45
Number of pages10
JournalSpeech, Language and Hearing
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor &Francis Group.


  • Assessment
  • Fricative
  • Speech perception
  • Speech sound development


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