An evaluation of the Noyori system "in reverse": Thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of secondary alcohol transfer dehydrogenation catalyzed by [(η6-1-iPr-4-Me-C6H4)Ru(HN-CR′R″-CR′R″NTs)], R′ = H, Me; Ph, R″ = H, Me

Matthias Bierenstiel, Magdalena Dymarska, Ebbing de Jong, Marcel Schlaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The 16 electron ruthenium complexes [(η6-1-isopropyl-4-methyl-benzene)(X-N)Ru(II)], where X-N is 2-amido-1-ethoxide (2), 1-N-p-tosyl-1,2-diamido-ethane (3), 1-N-p-tosyl-1,2-diamido-benzene (7), 1-N-(p-tosyl)-1,2-diamido-1,1,2,2-tetramethyl-ethane (8) and 1-N-(p-tosyl)-1,2-diamido-meso-1,2-diphenyl-ethane (9) have been evaluated as catalysts for the transfer dehydrogenation of secondary alcohols to ketones in acetone and/or cyclohexanone solvent. Complexes 2 and 3 cannot be isolated and decompose under these conditions. In contrast complexes 7, 8 and 9 are supported by ligands designed to resist β-hydride elimination and can with the exclusion of oxygen be held in solution for weeks. Complex 7 is not active as a catalyst. Complexes 8 and 9 are highly air-sensitive and active as catalysts for transfer (de)hydrogenations under oxidizing and reducing conditions, respectively. There is no coordinative inhibition of the catalysts by the ketone solvent under oxidizing conditions, but both catalysts show a correlation between the reaction rates and the ΔG values of the reactions with reactions leading to α, β-unsaturated ketones proceeding faster. For all alcohol/ketone substrate pairs where the ketone is not α, β-unsaturated, the hydrogenation reactions under reducing conditions (iso-propanol solvent) are at least one order of magnitude faster than the corresponding dehydrogenation reaction under oxidizing conditions (acetone solvent).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume290
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Alcohol oxidation
  • Catalysis
  • Ruthenium complexes
  • Transfer hydrogenation

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