An evaluation model for smart grids in support of smart cities based on the Hierarchy of Needs Theory

Hongyu Lin, Wei Wang, Yajun Zou, Hongyi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Smart cities depend highly on an intelligent electrical networks to provide a reliable, safe, and clean power supplies. A smart grid achieves such aforementioned power supply by ensuring resilient energy delivery, which presents opportunities to improve the cost-effectiveness of power supply and minimize environmental impacts. A systematic evaluation of the comprehensive benefits brought by smart grid to smart cities can provide necessary theoretical fundamentals for urban planning and construction towards a sustainable energy future. However, most of the present methods of assessing smart cities do not fully take into account the benefits expected from the smart grid. To comprehensively evaluate the development levels of smart cities while revealing the supporting roles of smart grids, this article proposes a model of smart city development needs from the perspective of residents’ needs based on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory, which serves the primary purpose of building a smart city. By classifying and reintegrating the needs, an evaluation index system of smart grids supporting smart cities was further constructed. A case analysis concluded that smart grids, as an essential foundation and objective requirement for smart cities, are important in promoting scientific urban management, intelligent infrastructure, refined public services, efficient energy utilization, and industrial development and modernization. Further optimization suggestions were given to the city analyzed in the case include strengthening urban management and infrastructure constructions, such as electric vehicle charging facilities and wireless coverage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)634-644
Number of pages11
JournalGlobal Energy Interconnection
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Benefits of smart grid
  • Evaluation index system
  • Hierarchy of needs
  • Smart city
  • Smart grid


Dive into the research topics of 'An evaluation model for smart grids in support of smart cities based on the Hierarchy of Needs Theory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this