An Enzyme-Catalyzed Multistep DNA Refolding Mechanism in Hairpin Telomere Formation

Ke Shi, Wai Mun Huang, Hideki Aihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hairpin telomeres of bacterial linear chromosomes are generated by a DNA cutting-rejoining enzyme protelomerase. Protelomerase resolves a concatenated dimer of chromosomes as the last step of chromosome replication, converting a palindromic DNA sequence at the junctions between chromosomes into covalently closed hairpins. The mechanism by which protelomerase transforms a duplex DNA substrate into the hairpin telomeres remains largely unknown. We report here a series of crystal structures of the protelomerase TelA bound to DNA that represent distinct stages along the reaction pathway. The structures suggest that TelA converts a linear duplex substrate into hairpin turns via a transient strand-refolding intermediate that involves DNA-base flipping and wobble base-pairs. The extremely compact di-nucleotide hairpin structure of the product is fully stabilized by TelA prior to strand ligation, which drives the reaction to completion. The enzyme-catalyzed, multistep strand refolding is a novel mechanism in DNA rearrangement reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1001472
JournalPLoS biology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

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