An ELISA for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome: Production of antigen of high quality

Hyun J. Cho, Dirk Deregt, Han S. Joo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

A reliable method was developed to produce a viral antigen preparation from porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infected MARC-145 cells by solubilizing the virus with Triton X-100. This method eliminated problems previously encountered with high background reactions associated with PRRSV antigen or cell control antigen. With this new antigen, an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adapted to detect swine serum antibody against PRRSV. In the ELISA, non-specific reactions associated with test serum samples have been eliminated by utilizing an effective blocking serum diluent. The ELISA is more sensitive than an indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA), particularly with late-infection sera, while maintaining a high diagnostic specificity. In a comparison of IFA and ELISA using sera collected from 250 pigs of various ages from 5 herds that had PRRS histories, IFA revealed 178 positive samples and 72 negative samples. All of the IFA-positive sera were proven to be ELISA reactors. However, nearly one-half (34/72) of the IFA-negative samples were also ELISA reactors. The diagnostic specificity and sensitivity of the ELISA were 100% and 96.6% with 257 serum samples collected from known healthy PRRS-negative swine herds and 57 sera collected from infected swine at 6 to 56 days after infection, respectively. The ELISA is technically superior to IFA, time-efficient and cost-effective, and suitable for testing of a large number of samples over a short period of time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalCanadian Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume60
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 1996

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