An ecological role of fungal endophytes to ameliorate plants under biotic stress

Neha Chadha, Manjita Mishra, Kartikeya Rajpal, Ruchika Bajaj, Devendra Kumar Choudhary, Ajit Varma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is our consensus that plants survive and flourish in stressed ecosystems because of endosymbiotic organisms that have co-evolved and were essential for their adaptation to changing environments. Some of these microbial components are noncultivable and vertically transmitted from generation to generation. They represent a vast reservoir of heritable DNA that can enhance plant performance in changing environments and add genetic flexibility to adaptation of long-lived plants. If such endophytes can be identified that not only persist in progeny of novel hosts, but can confer benefits in mechanized, agricultural systems, they would be increasingly important in agricultural production and lead to a rapid and economical method of providing novel germplasms of native and crop plants. In the present review, authors advocate the deployment of fungal diversity and its role to overcome the biotic stress in plants. Endophytic fungal association with plants helps it to protect from various pathogen and pests and adapt to survive in harsh biotic and abiotic stress condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)869-881
Number of pages13
JournalArchives of Microbiology
Volume197
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
In the present chapter some of the research has been partially supported by DBT, DRDO and ICAR project under guidance of Prof. (Dr.) Ajit Varma.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Keywords

  • Biotic stress
  • Endophytes
  • Induced resistance
  • Mycorrhiza
  • Piriformospora indica

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