An occupational interest scale was constructed for female research and development managers utilizing a criterion sample of 201 subjects. One hundred five occupations were scored on the resulting scale in an attempt to better understand the interest structure of the criterion group. In addition, female research and development managers were compared to technical specialist groups, male research and development (R&D) managers, and nontechnical managers. Major findings indicated female and male R&D managers were strikingly similar and both groups have task oriented rather than social-emotional leadership styles. In addition, female R&D managers are distinguished from their technical counterparts by scoring higher in the Enterprising area. In comparison to nontechnical managers the female managers scored lower in the Enterprising area. These results were discussed in terms of their implications for technical management and career development.