An analysis of gender differences in household education expenditure: the case of Thailand

Sasiwooth Wongmonta, Paul Glewwe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study uses data on educational expenditure, including specific types of educational expenditure, from the 2009 Socioeconomic Survey of Thailand to investigate gender bias in the allocation of educational resources. Empirical Engel’s curves are estimated to test for gender bias. The results show that girls receive more education expenditure than boys. The most likely explanations for this gender bias are: (1) According to the Thai cultural tradition, daughters are expected to be the main caregivers of their elderly parents and (2) wage incomes of daughters are more reliable sources of remittances for parents than the wage incomes of sons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-204
Number of pages22
JournalEducation Economics
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2017

Keywords

  • Engel’s curve
  • Gender bias
  • Thailand
  • education expenditure
  • intra-household allocation

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