Ammonia Oxide as a Building Block for High-Performance and Insensitive Energetic Materials

Yongxing Tang, Lauren A. Mitchell, Gregory H. Imler, Damon A. Parrish, Jean'ne M. Shreeve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


3,5-Dinitrimino-1,2,4-triazole (2) with three protons has the potential of deprotonation to form energetic salts. Neutralization of 2 with 50 % hydroxylamine in varying molar ratios leads to the formation of the corresponding mono/dihydroxylammonium energetic salts. Additionally compound 5, an ammonia oxide adduct of dihydroxylammonium 3,5-dinitramino-1,2,4-triazolate, was prepared when excess hydroxylamine was used. The structures of 3–5 are supported by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The energetic properties of the new materials are competitive. Utilization of ammonia oxide adducts in hydroxylammonium energetic salts could lead to future practical applications as energetic materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5894-5898
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number21
StatePublished - May 15 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research (N00014-16-1-2089) and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (HDTRA 1-15-1-0028). We are also grateful to the M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust, Reference No.: 2014120: MNL: 11/20/2014 for funds supporting the purchase of a 500 MHz NMR spectrometer.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • ammonia oxide
  • energetic compounds
  • nitramino group
  • single-crystal X-ray analysis
  • triazole


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