Ammonia and PM emissions from a tom turkey barn in Iowa

Hong Li, Hongwei Xin, Robert Burns, Steven Hoff, Jay Harmon, Larry Jacobson, Sally Noll, Jacek Koziel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Considerable progress has been made toward collection of baseline data on air emissions from U.S. animal feeding operations. However, limited data exist in the literature regarding turkey air emissions. The project described in this paper continuously monitors ammonia (NH3) and particulate matter (PM) emissions from turkey production houses in Iowa (IA) and Minnesota (MN) for one year, with I A monitoring Hybrid torn turkeys and MN monitoring Hybrid hens. Mobile Air Emission Monitoring Units are used in the continuous monitoring. Data collection and analysis has been ongoing since May 2, 2007 for the IA site and October 9, 2007 for the MN site. Based on the one-year measurement at the IA site involving three flocks, daily NH3 emissions (g/d-bird) from the IA turkey house varied from 0.04 to 6.4 (mean of 1.9) for flock 1 (May-Aug), 0.2 to 3.4 (mean of 1.3) for flock 2 (Aug-Dec), and 0.16 to 3.8 (mean 1.4) for flock 3 (Dec-Apr). The PM10 emissions (g/d-bird) were 0.04 to 1.6 (mean of 0.58), 0.04 to 0.39 (mean of 0.2), and 0.04 to 0.82 (mean of 0.37) for flocks 1, 2, and 3, respectively; and the concomitant PM25 emissions (g/d-bird) were 0 to 0.11 (mean of 0.048), 0 to 0.05 (mean of 0.021), and 0 to 0.14 (mean of 0.053) for flocks 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Annual mean emissions from the tom turkeys (including downtime emission), expressed as grams of constituent per bird marketed, were 169 g NH3, 40 g PM10, and 4.3 g PM2.5 per bird marketed. Data collection and analysis at the MN site are ongoing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages4724-4737
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781605605364
StatePublished - 2008
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008 - Providence, RI, United States
Duration: Jun 29 2008Jul 2 2008

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008
Volume8

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008
CountryUnited States
CityProvidence, RI
Period6/29/087/2/08

Keywords

  • Air emission
  • Ammonia
  • Particulate matter
  • Turkeys

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ammonia and PM emissions from a tom turkey barn in Iowa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this