Systemic AA amyloidosis is relatively uncommon in domestic cats, but a relatively high prevalence of this form of amyloidosis has been documented in Abyssinian cats and, most recently, in captive cheetahs. These cats thus provide an opportunity to identify and compare amino acid sequence differences in the respective AA proteins that may potentially affect the amyloidogenic process. In this study we determined the complete amino acid sequence of cheetah protein AA (positions 1-90). These positions conform to positions 2-83 of human proteins apoSAA/AA in that the respective cat proteins are N-terminally one residue shorter than the human protein and have an eight amino acid insert between residues conforming to positions 69 and 70 of human apoSAA/AA. Comparison of the protein AA sequence of the cheetah with confirmed protein AA sequences from Abyssinian and/or domestic short-haired (DSH) cats revealed amino acid variations at positions 2, 30, 43, 49, 54, 69e, 69g and 81 (using human numbering). AA proteins of the cheetah and Abyssinian cat (both with high prevalences of AA amyloidosis) had concordance at five of these eight positions of variability (i.e., positions 30, 43, 49, 54, and 69e). Concordance between the cheetah and DSH cat was restricted to the proline and alanine residues associated with positions of residue heterogeniety (positions 49 and 54, respectively) in DSH cat protein AA. The glutamic acid residue unique to DSH cat protein AA at position 43 is of special interest in that it occurs within a strictly conserved region of protein AA homology in the cheetah, Abyssinian cat, and all other species compared. These sequence differences of the DSH cat may provide further evidence of a possible link between certain apoSAA structural motifs and AA amyloidogenesis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Mr. and Mrs. George W. Taylor Foundation, the Swedish Medical Research Council (Project No. 594 l), and the Research Council of Norway.
- Amyloid protein A(AA)