American Indian Perspectives on Culturally Aligning a Digital Smoking Cessation Resource

Chelsea Cooley, Wyatt Pickner, Rachel Widome, Dylan Jennings, Antony Stately, Ashley B. Cole, Jennifer Cash, Casey Dorr, Carol Hernadez, Dorothy Hatsukami, Michael Businelle, Dana Mowls Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Innovative smoking cessation approaches that overcome barriers such as traveling to program site or that require the staff and infrastructure for sustaining are likely needed to improve smoking quit rates among American Indian (AI) peoples in the United States. In this study, qualitative methods identified recommendations from AI peoples to guide alignment of an evidence-based smoking cessation smartphone app (i.e., QuitGuide) to the culture and needs of AI persons. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with AI adults who smoke (n = 40) and with public health professionals (n = 6). Questions included: “The app asks if something triggered you to slip and lists several options. What options were you expecting to see on this list?” as well as how to make the app more engaging such as “What would make the app more helpful for AI peoples, like you, who want to quit smoking?.” Constant comparative techniques were used to develop codes and themes. Results: Loss, grief, and not accessing traditional tobacco were put forward as smoking triggers to be addressed in the app. Features that help users connect with and learn about AI cultures and promote healing, such as encouraging traditional tobacco use, being in community, embracing Native spirituality, and participating in cultural crafting were recommended. Some noted the need to motivate AI peoples to think about legacy and ability to care for younger generations and Indigenizing the app with Native imagery. Conclusions: Themes pointed towards promotion of strengths-based factors, such as healing, cultural connectedness and traditional tobacco use, in the app. Implications: Results will be used to culturally align a smartphone app for smoking cessation among AI peoples and may be insightful for other tribal, federal, and state public health efforts aimed at advancing health equity for AI peoples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

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