Ambient sexual harassment: An integrated model of antecedents and consequences

Theresa M. Glomb, Wendy L. Richman, Charles L. Hulin, Fritz Drasgow, Kimberly T. Schneider, Louise F. Fitzgerald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

228 Scopus citations


Research on sexual harassment as a prevalent job stressor has focused primarily on outcomes for the direct targets of harassment; the antecedents and consequences ofindirectexposure to sexual harassment have not been explored. Ambient Sexual Harassment is proposed as an assessment of indirect exposure to sexual harassment. Ambient Sexual Harassment is defined as the general or ambient level of sexual harassment in a work group as measured by the frequency of sexually harassing behaviors experienced by others in a woman's work group. The integration of Ambient Sexual Harassment into the model of sexual harassment developed by Fitzgerald, Drasgow, Hulin, Gelfand, and Magley (1997) proposes that indirect exposure to sexual harassment will have similar antecedents and job-related, psychological, and health outcomes as direct exposure. An empirical test of the model, using samples of female employees from a public utility company (N= 455) and a food processing plant (N= 194), generally supports predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-328
Number of pages20
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1997
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research reported here was supported by a Shannon Award from the National Institute of Mental Health and by Grant 1 R01 MH50791-01A2 from the National Institute of Mental Health. Portions of this research were presented at the 1997 meeting of the Society for Industrial Organizational Psychology. We are grateful to the members of the Sexual Harassment Research Lab at the University of Illinois for their assistance.


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