Amaranthus spp.

Debalin Sarangi, Amit J. Jhala, Prabhu Govindasamy, Anthony Brusa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The genus Amaranthus includes some of the world’s most common and troublesome weeds that are not only causing economic loss but also posing a threat to global food security. This chapter attempts to summarize and discuss the key biological characteristics and management options for major weedy Amaranthus species including A. palmeri, A. tuberculatus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, and A. hybridus. Due to changing agricultural practices in the 20th century, A. plameri and A. tuberculatus have risen from relative obscurity to become the most problematic weeds in the United States. The weedy Amaranthus spp. exhibit high phenotypic plasticity and genetic variability that contribute to their persistence in diverse climatic conditions. Rapid growth rate, high fecundity, limited seed dormancy, prolonged emergence pattern, and evolving herbicide resistance helped these weeds to build up a persistent seedbank. As the number of multiple herbicide-resistant Amaranthus population is on a steady rise, implementing integrated weed management is now more important than ever.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiology and Management of Problematic Crop Weed Species, 1st Edition
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780128229170
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • A. hybridus
  • A. palmeri
  • A. retroflexus
  • A. spinosus
  • A. tuberculatus
  • Integrated weed management
  • Seed germination


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