Aluminium phosphide poisoning: haemodynamic observations.

G. S. Kalra, Inder Anand, I. Jit, B. Bushnurmath, P. L. Wahi

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Haemodynamic measurements were made on 25 patients with aluminium phosphide poisoning. There was severe hypotension (mean arterial pressure 62.7 +/- 19.3 mmHg) and reduction in cardiac output (2.13 +/- 0.9 lit/min/m2). However, the systemic vascular resistance was only moderately elevated (2050 +/- 732 dynes/m2). The right atrial pressure was increased but the pulmonary artery and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures were normal, even in patients with pulmonary oedema. Thirteen patients (52%) who died had a lower cardiac output (p less than 0.05). Saline infusion significantly improved haemodynamics in some patients. Its judicious use early in the course of treatment may be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-178
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Heart Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991


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