The use of item responses from questionnaire data is ubiquitous in social science research. One side effect of using such data is that researchers must often account for item level missingness. Multiple imputation is one of the most widely used missing data handling techniques. The traditional multiple imputation approach in structural equation modeling has a number of limitations. Motivated by Lee and Cai’s approach, we propose an alternative method for conducting statistical inference from multiple imputation in categorical structural equation modeling. We examine the performance of our proposed method via a simulation study and illustrate it with one empirical data set.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by Grant R305D140046 from the Institute of Education Sciences (IES).
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- Categorical variables
- goodness-of-fit test
- multiple imputation
- structural equation modeling