Alternative Model for the Internal Structure of Laminin

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Abstract

A monoclonal antibody to laminin, LMN-1, was generated by immunizing rats with laminin from the EHS tumor and fusing the rat spleen cells with mouse NS-1 myeloma cells. Laminin fragments were generated by proteolytic digestion with thrombin, thermolysin, and chymotrypsin. Monoclonal antibody binding fragments were identified by immunoblotting. Fragments which bound monoclonal antibody LMN-1 included a 440-kilodalton (kDa) chymotrypsin fragment and thermolysin fragments of 440 and 110 kDa. These fragments could also be generated from within a 600-kDa thrombin fragment. Digestion of the 440-kDa chymotrypsin fragment with thermolysin generated the 110-kDa antibody binding fragment and a 330-kDa nonbinding fragment. Immunoblotting was performed on extracts of PYS-2 cells and EHS cells using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies to laminin. Polyclonal antibodies stained the intact 850-kDa complex and the 200- and 400-kDa subunits, while monoclonal LMN-1 stained only the 400-kDa subunit and the complete molecule. Rotary shadowing of monoclonal LMN-1 bound to laminin molecules indicated that the binding site was within the long arm of laminin. Changes in the model of the internal organization of the laminin molecule are proposed, based on the binding of LMN-1 to the 400-kDa subunit and specific proteolytic fragments. The locations of the major thrombin and chymotrypsin fragments in the model are rotated 180° relative to the previously described model [Ott, U., Odermatt, E., Engel, J., Furthmayr, H., & Timpl, R. (1982) Eur. J. Biochem. 123, 63-72] to include part of the 400-kDa subunit of laminin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7753-7760
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemistry
Volume24
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1985

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