Altering alpha-frequency brain oscillations with rapid analog feedback-driven neurostimulation

Alik S. Widge, Matthew Boggess, Alexander P. Rockhill, Andrew Mullen, Shivani Sheopory, Roman Loonis, Daniel K. Freeman, Earl K. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Oscillations of the brain’s local field potential (LFP) may coordinate neural ensembles and brain networks. It has been difficult to causally test this model or to translate its implications into treatments, because there are few reliable ways to alter LFP oscillations. We developed a closed-loop analog circuit to enhance brain oscillations by feeding them back into cortex through phase-locked transcranial electrical stimulation. We tested the system in a rhesus macaque with chronically implanted electrode arrays, targeting 8–15 Hz (alpha) oscillations. Ten seconds of stimulation increased alpha oscillatory power for up to 1 second after stimulation offset. In contrast, open-loop stimulation decreased alpha power. There was no effect in the neighboring 15–30 Hz (beta) LFP rhythm or on a neighboring array that did not participate in closed-loop feedback. Analog closed-loop neurostimulation might thus be a useful strategy for altering brain oscillations, both for basic research and the treatment of neuropsychiatric disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0207781
JournalPloS one
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2018

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