Altered surfactant protein A gene expression and protein metabolism associated with repeat exposure to inhaled endotoxin

Caroline L S George, Misty L. White, Marsha E. O'Neill, Peter S. Thorne, David A. Schwartz, Jeanne M. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronically inhaled endotoxin, which is ubiquitous in many occupational and domestic environments, can adversely affect the respiratory system resulting in an inflammatory response and decreased lung function. Surfactant-associated protein A (SP-A) is part of the lung innate immune system and may attenuate the inflammatory response in various types of lung injury. Using a murine model to mimic occupational exposures to endotoxin, we hypothesized that SP-A gene expression and protein would be elevated in response to repeat exposure to inhaled grain dust and to purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Our results demonstrate that repeat exposure to inhaled endotoxin, either in the form of grain dust or purified LPS, results in increased whole lung SP-A gene expression and type II alveolar epithelial cell hyperplasia, whereas SP-A protein levels in lung lavage fluid are decreased. Furthermore, these alterations in SP-A gene activity and protein metabolism are dependent on an intact endotoxin signaling system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L1337-L1344
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume285
Issue number6 29-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

Keywords

  • Collectins
  • Environmental exposure
  • Grain dust
  • Lipopolysaccharide

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