Alterations in amino acid clearance during ischemia predict hepatocellular ATP changes

J. J. Fath, J. A. St Cyr, F. N. Konstantinides, P. Alden, N. L. Ascher, R. W. Bianco, J. E. Foker, F. B. Cerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Although decreases in hepatic adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels during ischemia are thought to reflect loss of hepatic energy reserves and decreased viability, such changes have not been correlated with a clinically relevant index of hepatic function or viability. Ability to clear amino acids from plasma has been shown to correlate with function of the allograft in hepatic transplantation and survival after portal decompression in patients with hepatic cirrhosis. The effects of 60 minutes of warm ischemia in two groups of mongrel dogs were studied to assess the relationship between loss of ATP and amino acid clearance. One group (shunted) had portal decompression during the ischemic period and the other (portal stasis) did not. There was a significant correlation between loss of ATP and amino acid clearance after ischemia. Although the effects of ischemia on the liver were similar in both groups, the portal stasis group demonstrated significantly elevated SGOT levels during reperfusion that were related to impaired net adenine monophosphate synthesis and suggestive of ongoing injury. These data support the contention that loss of ATP during ischemia is associated with reduced functional capacity. In addition, they suggest that portal stasis produces toxic products that can impede hepatic recovery from ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)396-404
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1985


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