Alteration of mammalian cell metabolism by dynamic nutrient feeding

Weichang Zhou, Jutta Rehm, Anna Europa, Wei Shou Hu

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88 Scopus citations


The metabolism of hybridoma cells was controlled to reduce metabolic formation in fed-batch cultures by dynamically feeding a salt-free nutrient concentrate. For this purpose, on-line oxygen uptake rate (OUR) measurement was used to estimate the metabolic demand of hybridoma cells and to determine the feeding rate of a concentrated solution of salt-free DMEM/F 12 medium supplemented with other medium components. The ratios among glucose, glutamine and other medium components in the feeding nutrient concentrate were adjusted stoichiometrically to provide balanced nutrient conditions for cell growth. Through on-line control of the feeding rate of the nutrient concentrate, both glucose and glutamine concentrations were maintained at low levels of 0.5 and 0.2 mM respectively during the growth stage. The concentrations of the other essential amino acids were also maintained without large fluctuations. The cell metabolism was altered from that observed in batch cultures resulting in a significant reduction of lactate, ammonia and alanine production. Compared to a previously reported fed-batch culture in which only glucose was maintained at a low level and only a reduced lactate production was observed, this culture has also reduced the production of other metabolites, such as ammonium and alanine. As a result, a high viable cell concentration of more than 1.0 x 107 cells/mL was achieved and sustained over an extended period. The results demonstrate an efficient nutrient feeding strategy for controlling cell metabolism to achieve and sustain a high viable cell concentration in fed-batch mammalian cell cultures in order to enhance the productivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1997


  • Oxygen uptake rate
  • cell metabolism
  • dynamic nutrient feeding
  • fed-batch culture
  • hybridoma cells
  • salt-free nutrient concentrate


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