All-Nanofiber-Based Ultralight Stretchable Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Self-Powered Wearable Electronics

Shuyu Zhao, Jiaona Wang, Xinyu Du, Jing Wang, Ran Cao, Yingying Yin, Xiuling Zhang, Zuqing Yuan, Yi Xing, David Y.H. Pui, Congju Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The flexible and stretchable electronics have been considered as next-generation electronics. Stretchable triboelectric nanogenerators (S-TENGs) with both multifunction and comfort have become a hot field of research for wearable electronic devices recently. Here, we designed an all-nanofiber-based, ultralight, S-TENG that could be softly attached on skins for motion energy harvesting and self-powered biomechanical monitoring. The S-TENG consisted of only two nanofiber membranes: a polyvinylidene fluoride nanofiber membrane (PVDFNM) supported by thermoplastic polyurethane nanofiber membrane (TPUNM) was used as the frictional layer, and a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) conductive material screen-printed on the TPUNM was used as the electrode layer. Due to the excellent stretchability of TPUNM, the S-TENG could generate electricity under various types of deformation, and regains its original performance after intense mechanical extension, even if it is partially cut or damaged. Owing to the great electronegativity of PVDFNM, the device generated a maximum voltage of 225 V and a current of 4.5 μA with an electrode area of 6 × 1 cm2. The S-TENG has great potential applications in self-powered wearable devices, electronic skins, and smart sensor networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2326-2332
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 29 2018


  • nanofiber
  • stretchable electronics
  • tactile sensors
  • triboelectric nanogenerators
  • wearable devices

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