Alkaloids derived from tryptophan: Terpenoid indole alkaloids

Shilpa Ramani, Nandadevi Patil, Suhas Nimbalkar, Chelliah Jayabaskaran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

L-Tryptophan is an indole ring containing aromatic amino acid derived via the shikimate pathway. The tryptophan-derived alkaloids are found in eight families, of which, Apocynaceae, Loganiaceae, Rubiaceae, and Nyssaceae are the best sources. The alkaloids under discussion are the Catharanthus alkaloids, namely, ajmalicine, tabersonine, catharanthine, vindoline, vinblastine, vincristine and vincamine as well as terpenoid alkaloids derived from other families, namely, yohimbine, reserpine, strychnine, brucine, and ellipticine. The above-mentioned alkaloids are pharmacologically very important and hence extremely valuable. This chapter describes various aspects of the tryptophan-derived alkaloids like occurrence, biological activity, phytochemistry, and commercial and biotechnological aspects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNatural Products
Subtitle of host publicationPhytochemistry, Botany and Metabolism of Alkaloids, Phenolics and Terpenes
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages575-604
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9783642221446
ISBN (Print)9783642221439
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Catharanthus
  • TIA
  • Tryptophan-derived alkaloids

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