Recalcitrancy in microplastics (MPs) contributes to white pollution. Bioremediation can remove MPs and facilitate environmental sustainability. Although recent studies have been conducted on the interaction of algae and MPs, the role of algae in MP removal with the simultaneous implementation of ‘omics studies has not yet been discussed. Here, we review the adverse effects of MPs on the environment and possible approaches to remove them from the aquatic environment by using algae. We highlight the mechanism of MP biodegradation, the algal species that have been used, and how these are affected by MPs. We propose that algomics, characterization of biodegrading enzymes, and genetic engineering could be effective strategies for optimizing MP degradation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the startup fund for the construction of the double first-class project (No. 561119201 ), Lanzhou University, China. The authors gratefully acknowledge the authors and publishers of the corresponding articles that included the figures adapted for use in this article.
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't