Alcohol-induced impairment and enhancement of memory: A test of the interference theory

Patricia L. Moulton, Thomas V. Petros, Kathyrn J. Apostal, Ronald V. Park, Elizabeth A. Ronning, Brent M. King, James G. Penland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many studies have found cognitive deficits related to alcohol consumption. However, few studies have studied cognitive performance when alcohol was administered after the to-be-remembered information was presented with memory testing occurring when participants are once again sober. The present study examined effects of alcohol on cognitive performance using a prose recall task during acute intoxication and a post-trial recall task for prose passages that had been presented before intoxication. Fifty-one men were given either 2.0 g/kg of 100 proof (50% absolute ethanol) vodka or a placebo. In the present study, evidence was found of acute alcohol impairment in prose memory, along with alcohol facilitation of memory on a post-trial task.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-245
Number of pages6
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 2005

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Memory facilitation
  • Memory interference
  • Prose memory

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