Alcohol consumption during covid among women with an existing alcohol-use disorder

Jessica D. Hanson, Carolyn Noonan, Amy Harris, Kyra Oziel, Michelle Sarche, Richard F. Maclehose, Marcia O’leary, Dedra Buchwald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prior to the pandemic, our research team implemented a randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP) in American Indian women. When active recruitment for the in-person trial was paused due to COVID, the research team moved to conducting follow-up surveys with participants who had completed the intervention to better understand changes to their alcohol use during the pandemic. We collected surveys from 62 American Indian women who had completed the Native CHOICES intervention. Baseline data collected pre-COVID included demographics and scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Follow-up surveys conducted during the active pandemic period included a self-reported questionnaire about changes in drinking patterns. At pre-COVID baseline, all participants were engaged in heavy or binge drinking. At follow-up during COVID, 24.2% reported drinking more, and over half had at least one binge drinking episode. Approximately half reported reduced drinking. We found that risky drinking remained an issue during the pandemic for many American Indian women who had engaged in this behavior pre-COVID, while others reported reducing their alcohol consumption. As the pandemic abates, concerted efforts must be made to reach those with identified alcohol use disorders to offer resources and intervention as needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9460
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes of Health under grant number P60AA026112. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Indigenous communities

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