Aids-related social anxieties, social skills and sexual activities in indian college students

Rabia Mathai, Michael W. Ross, Subhash Hira, Alfred L. McAlister, Subhash Hira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to determine the relationships between social skills/anxieties in HIV/STD prevention and actual and anticipated sexual behaviors in year 11 and 12 Indian college students. A quantitative questionnaire examining HIV and STD risk behaviors, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs, and the AIDS Social Asser-tiveness Scale (ASAS) were administered to 1230 year 11 and 12 Indian college students. The 5 scales of the ASAS were scored and compared between three groups: those who had had sexual experience (HS), those who anticipated being unable to refuse sex (AS), and those who did not anticipate problems in refusing sex (DS). Those in the AS group had significantly greater anxieties about refusing sexual or other risk behaviors than the HS and DS groups, and there were also significantly greater anxieties about dealing with condoms in the AS and DS groups compared with the HS group. Confiding sexual or HIV/STD related problems to significant others was considered more anxiety-provoking for the AS group compared with the HS group, and the AS group were more anxious about interactions with people with HIV. Factor analysis produced the same 5 dimensions as those found in previous studies. Condom interactions and confiding in significant others were most anxiety provoking. It is concluded that social skills training in sexual negotiations, condom negotiations, and confiding HIV/STD-related concerns to significant others should reduce the risks of Indian college students having unwanted or unprotected sex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-41
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 4 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the help of the staff at ARCON, Mumbai (Bombay), including Ms. Brinelle De Sousa and Dr. Jignesh Shah, for their assistance in data collection and entry. This study was funded by a research grant from the School of Public Health, University of Texas.


  • Adolescent
  • As-sertiveness
  • India
  • Prevention
  • Sexuality
  • Social skills


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