Even though AI technology providers and consultants are assuming a direct positive causality between these technologies and economic benefits, we claim that at least three IS research communities include some recalcitrant members who are challenging aspects of that optimistic discourse. For sake of simplicity, we are naming them as being scholarly members of the design, the economics, and the behavioral communities of IS research. In addition to these three debating voices, three dissenting voices will take critical positions on the questions at hand from radically different stances: the humanist voice, the societal voice and the iconoclastic pluralist voice. The voices will present their arguments within different business contexts. This panel will challenge the new “Age of AI,” and help chart a reasonable IS perspective on the future of AI and its implications in our discipline.