Agricultural extension in eastern Nigeria: Educational methods and subject areas

Okechukwu M. Ukaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the frequency and appropriateness of educational methods used and subject-matter areas covered by extension officers in Imo State of Nigeria. The data showed that Nigerian extension officers use pedagogical methods with agricultural clientele which provided opportunities for farmers to participate in planning programmes and activities. These methods were characterized by high contact, greater client involvement, and less reliance on technology. The findings indicated that the extension officers frequently used methods they perceived to be more appropriate for assisting their clients. The study also revealed that the respondents covered mostly subject-matter programme areas that they perceived to be most important to their target audience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalTropical Agriculture
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Agricultural clientele
  • Agricultural extension
  • Extension officers
  • Nigeria
  • Pedagogical methods


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