Agricultural BMPs for phosphorus reduction in south Florida

F. T. Izuno, A. B. Bottcher, F. J. Coale, C. A. Sanchez, D. B. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four sets of eight or twelve 0.7 ha plots, designed for soil and hydraulic uniformity, were used to screen potential "Best Management Practices' (BMPs) for reducing total phosphorus (TP) concentrations and loadings in the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) of south Florida. The four production systems and their alternatives (treatments) studied were: (1) sugarcane (interspecific hybrids of Saccharum sp.) versus drained fallow plots; (2) fast versus slow drainage rates for sugarcane; (3) rise (Oriza sativa L.) in rotation following radishes to serve as a P filter crop versus traditional flooding fallow; and (4) banding phosphorus (P) fertilizer at 50% of the soil-test recommendation rate for cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) versus full-rate broadcast applications. All treatment TP loadings leaving the plots in drainage water were close in magnitude to TP loadings to the plots, even under heavy fertilization. This indicates that the EAA system is currently a net assimilator of P. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)735-744
Number of pages10
JournalTransactions - American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Volume38
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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