Agreeableness and Its Consequences: A Quantitative Review of Meta-Analytic Findings

Michael P. Wilmot, Deniz S. Ones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Agreeableness impacts people and real-world outcomes. In the most comprehensive quantitative review to date, we summarize results from 142 meta-analyses reporting effects for 275 variables, which represent N > 1.9 million participants from k > 3,900 studies. Arranging variables by their content and type, we use an organizational framework of 16 conceptual categories that presents a detailed account of Agreeableness' external relations. Overall, the trait has effects in a desirable direction for 93% of variables (grand mean ρ ¯ M = . 16 ). We also review lower order trait evidence for 42 variables from 20 meta-analyses. Using these empirical findings, in tandem with existing theory, we synthesize eight general themes that describe Agreeableness' characteristic functioning across variables: self-transcendence, contentment, relational investment, teamworking, work investment, lower results emphasis, social norm orientation, and social integration. We conclude by discussing potential boundary conditions of findings, contributions and limitations of our review, and future research directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-280
Number of pages39
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.


  • Big Five
  • agreeableness
  • consequences
  • meta-analysis
  • personality
  • second-order meta-analysis

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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