This article evaluates and describes a process of ranking orthopedic applicants using what the authors term the Aggregate Interview Method. The authors hypothesized that higher-ranking applicants using this method at their institution would perform better than those ranked lower using multiple measures of resident performance. A retrospective review of 115 orthopedic residents was performed at the authors' institution. Residents were grouped into 3 categories by matching rank numbers: 1-5, 6-14, and 15 or higher. Each rank group was compared with resident performance as measured by faculty evaluations, the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE), and American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) test results. Residents ranked 1-5 scored significantly better on patient care, behavior, and overall competence by faculty evaluation (P<.05). Residents ranked 1-5 scored higher on the OITE compared with those ranked 6-14 during postgraduate years 2 and 3 (P≤.5). Graduates who had been ranked 1-5 had a 100% pass rate on the ABOS part 1 examination on the first attempt. The most favorably ranked residents performed at or above the level of other residents in the program; they did not score inferiorly on any measure. These results support the authors' method of ranking residents. The rigorous Aggregate Interview Method for ranking applicants consistently identified orthopedic resident candidates who scored highly on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education resident core competencies as measured by faculty evaluations, performed above the national average on the OITE, and passed the ABOS part 1 examination at rates exceeding the national average.