Age-Related Effects of Alcohol from Adolescent, Adult, and Aged Populations Using Human and Animal Models

Lindsay M. Squeglia, Jeff Boissoneault, Candice E. Van Skike, Sara Jo Nixon, Douglas B. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This review incorporates current research examining alcohol's differential effects on adolescents, adults, and aged populations in both animal and clinical models. Methods: The studies presented range from cognitive, behavioral, molecular, and neuroimaging techniques, leading to a more comprehensive understanding of how acute and chronic alcohol use affects the brain throughout the life span. Results: Age of life is a significant factor in determining the effect of alcohol on brain functioning. Adolescents and aged populations may be more negatively affected by heavy alcohol use when compared to adults. Conclusions: Investigations limiting alcohol effects to a single age group constrains understanding of differential trajectories and outcomes following acute and chronic use. To meaningfully address the sequencing and interaction effects of alcohol and age, the field must incorporate collaborative and integrated research efforts focused on interdisciplinary questions facilitated by engaging basic and applied scientists with expertise in a range of disciplines including alcohol, neurodevelopment, and aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2509-2516
Number of pages8
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Animal Model
  • Cognition
  • Development
  • Neuroimaging

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