African-American and Iraqi Refugee Adolescents' Perceptions

Beverly M. Black, Barbara L. Peterson, Arlene N. Weisz, Poco D. Kernsmith, Linda A. Lewandowski, Krupa K. Hegde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This article explores the perceptions of urban African-American and Iraqi refugee adolescents regarding community violence, school violence, family violence and dating/intimate partner violence. A subset of participants from a larger study on violence and trauma was selected to participate in the current study. Using a card-sort exercise, participants identified situations as violent or not violent. Iraqi youth identified noticeably more behaviors as violence than African-American youth. Few significant gender differences emerged. Findings of important cultural differences provide implications for violence prevention programming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-331
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Adolescence and Youth
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2009


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