We review aspects of Afanassjewa’s work on the foundations of thermodynamics from her 1925 paper on the Second Law and her 1956 book Grundlagen der Thermodynamik. We argue that her work contained several valuable original insights in these foundations, often much ahead of her times. In particular, we discuss how her 1956 book anticipated and showed the way to solve an alleged paradox about reversible processes raised by Norton (2014, 2016) and discuss the remarkable comments in her 1925 paper on the asymmetry between work and heat exchange —which still awaits more common recognition—, and on the conceptual possibility of negative absolute temperatures, long before Ramsey (1956) made this an accepted physical possibility.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Women in the History of Philosophy and Sciences|
|Number of pages||28|
|State||Published - 2021|
|Name||Women in the History of Philosophy and Sciences|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
J.U. also thanks the Vossius Centre for the History of Humanities and Sciences at the University of Amsterdam and the Descartes Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities at Utrecht University, the University of Geneva, the Polytechnical University of Milano, The University of Salzburg, and the Erwin Schrödinger Institute at the University of Vienna, for financial support and audiences at these various locations for their feedback.
© 2021, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.