Aerosol penetration ratio: A new index of ventilation

S. A. Sirr, G. R. Elliott, Warren E Regelmann, P. J. Juenemann, R. L. Morin, R. J. Boudreau, W. J. Warwick, M. K. Loken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Superimposition of nuclear medicine scintigrams and standard radiographs provides a unique opportunity for merging functional information intrinsic to nuclear medicine images with the high resolution anatomic detail of radiographs. A newly developed image processing system allows the merging of two separate films of greatly varying sizes to form a single composite image. Subsequent quantitative analysis of the composite image may be performed. Using the superimposition technique, [99mTc]DTPA aerosol ventilation scans (4.5 x 4.5 cm) were superimposed upon chest radiographs (35.6 x 43.2 cm) in 17 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Subsequent quantification of the area of nuclear scan ventilation and the radiographic lung area was then performed. A new quantitative radiologic index of ventilation, the aerosol penetration ratio (APR), was defined. Linear correlation of aerosol penetration ratio with residual volume (RV) as percent of total lung capacity (TLC) measured by body plethysmography was good. We conclude that the APR has validity as a physiologic parameter which localized regional excessive residual volume and correlates well with RV/TLC, the 'gold standard' pulmonary function index of obstructive airway disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1343-1346
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1986


Dive into the research topics of 'Aerosol penetration ratio: A new index of ventilation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this