Aeration efficiency influenced by venturi aerator arrangement, liquid flow rate and depth of diffusing pipes

Chunying Dong, Jun Zhu, Xiao Wu, Curtis F. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The effect of aerator module configuration, liquid flow rate and diffuser submergence on oxygen transfer efficiency was examined in a surface aeration system with venturi injectors using the clean water test. Six venturi aerator modules were evaluated and the results indicated that better aeration efficiencies could be achieved by simply changing the way the venturi aerators were connected. Among all the configurations examined (modules a-f), two and three aerators connected in parallel (modules d, e and f) were able to bring more oxygen into water than the others. An increase in liquid flow rate led to an enhancement of the oxygen transfer coefficients, but the improvement was reduced if the liquid flow rate was too high. The oxygen transfer coefficient was found to have a relationship with the depth of diffusing pipes (surface aeration depth) for the surface aeration system and an optimal depth of around 40cm was obtained from this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1289-1298
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Technology (United Kingdom)
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Initiative Air Quality Program of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, US Department of Agriculture (No. 2006-55112-16639), the Innovative Research Team in Higher Educational Institutions of Zhejiang Province, P.R. China (No. T200912) and Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No.Y5110314).


  • aeration depth
  • liquid flow rate
  • oxygen transfer efficiency
  • surface aeration
  • swine manure


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