Advancing the theory and measurement of collective empowerment: A qualitative study

Belinda Reininger, David W. Martin, Michael Ross, Pamela Smith Sinicrope, Tho Dinh-Zarr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Grounded Theory, a qualitative research method, was used to fully describe the construct of empowerment and its measurement in racially and ethnically diverse urban and rural neighborhoods. Forty-nine grass roots experts, primarily from six communities in Texas, participated via semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Observational data were also collected. Results revealed that the framework of collective empowerment has two main dimensions: ten processes necessary for developing greater empowerment and eight long-term outcomes that result from the process strategies. The two main dimensions of collective empowerment are cyclically, rather than linearly, related. While the results are unique to the communities studied because of the nature of the analysis, the process by which they were elucidated can

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-238
Number of pages28
JournalInternational Quarterly of Community Health Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2006


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