Advancing precision agriculture: The potential of deep learning for cereal plant head detection

Alireza Sanaeifar, Mahamed Lamine Guindo, Adel Bakhshipour, Hassan Fazayeli, Xiaoli Li, Ce Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Cereal plant heads must be identified precisely and effectively in a range of agricultural applications, including yield estimation, disease detection, and breeding. Traditional methods that rely on manual feature extraction and thresholding take a lot of time and work, and they are also impacted by crop variability. Deep learning algorithms can be used to automate this procedure because they can directly extract complicated information from images and produce cutting-edge outcomes. This review provides a comprehensive overview of recent research on deep learning-based head detection in cereal plants, emphasizing object detection and image segmentation. We also discuss the major benefits and drawbacks of different deep learning architectures and training methods, as well as examples of their application in maize, rice, wheat, and sorghum. Developing robust image processing algorithms, using deep learning in other domains like unmanned aerial vehicles, and utilizing large and diverse datasets are all challenges outlined in our study as future research directions. Through the integration of advanced computer vision techniques with precision agriculture, this paper attempts to promote further research and innovation in this intriguing field. We provide a thorough analysis of current developments in deep learning-based head detection for cereal plants and emphasize how this technology can contribute significantly to precision agriculture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107875
JournalComputers and Electronics in Agriculture
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Deep learning
  • Object detection
  • Plant head detection
  • Precision agriculture
  • Segmentation


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