A review of recent advances in the treatment of intracapsular hip fractures in the elderly patient is offered to provide some guidelines on choosing the appropriate treatment for a given patient. Alternatives discussed include open reduction and internal fixation versus arthroplasty; unipolar versus bipolar hemiarthroplasty versus total hip arthroplasty; cemented versus cementlless prostheses; and a surgical approach. These recommendations are based upon a review of the substantial literature on the subject and the author's own experience. It is recommended that patients more than 60-years-old with a femoral neck fracture be treated in the following manner: Patients with undisplaced, stable fractures perform an ORIF, patients with displaced fractures, replace the head of the femur, the use of a Moore or Thompson prostheses should be relegated to the medically infirm, minimally ambulatory patient, modular unipolar or bipolar (cemented stem) hemiarthroplasty has the most reliable and predictable outcome in most patients, an uncemented modular hemiarthroplasty should be considered in patients with significant cardiovascular risk factors, THA perhaps recommended for the "active elderly patient". The use of large heads and meticulous capsular repair techniques will reduce the early dislocation rate while still allowing excellent long-term functional outcomes.
- Displaced femoral neck fractures
- Femoral head replacement
- Osteoporotic bone