Adolescents’ experiences of mentor alliance and sense of belonging in a site-based mentoring intervention

Vaida Kazlauskaite, Jacqueline E. Braughton, Lindsey M. Weiler, Shelley Haddock, Kimberly L. Henry, Rachel Lucas-Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Site-based youth mentoring programs provide a unique context for positive youth development. Conceptually, youth derive benefit not only from the mentor alliance (i.e., youths’ feelings of compatibility with the mentor and satisfaction with the mentoring relationship), but also from their sense of belonging within the program. Using an exploratory sequential design, the purpose of this study was to illustrate the lived experiences of youth engaged in a site-based mentoring program. To draw distinctions in youths’ experiences, we purposively sampled and interviewed 76 youth (ages 11–18; 60.5% male) in one of four subgroups based on self-reported survey data: high mentor alliance-high belonging, high mentor alliance-low belonging, low mentor alliance-high belonging, and low mentor alliance-low belonging. As anticipated, youth in the high mentor alliance-high belonging group described contributive experiences consistent with high-quality mentor characteristics (e.g., empathy, acceptance) and high-quality settings (e.g., positive social norms, support for efficacy and mattering). In contrast, youth in the low mentor alliance-low belonging group described mentors who were insensitive and noted difficulty connecting with peers. Difficulty connecting with peers was also a salient barrier for youth in the high mentor alliance-low belonging group. Finally, absent from the experiences of youth in the low mentor alliance-high belonging group was mentor empathy, acceptance, and authenticity. Our findings describe experiences that contribute to mentor alliance and sense of belonging in a site-based youth mentoring program, noting the challenge facing similar programs, which is to attend simultaneously to mentor and setting quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105040
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work of this manuscript was generously supported by the William T. Grant Foundation. This work was supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture , Hatch project # 1016920 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Adolescents
  • Belonging
  • Mentoring relationships
  • Youth mentoring

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