Adolescent-reported latino fathers’ food parenting practices and family meal frequency are associated with better adolescent dietary intake

Aysegul Baltaci, Silvia Alvarez de Davila, Alejandro Omar Reyes Peralta, Melissa N. Laska, Nicole Larson, Ghaffar A Hurtado, Marla Reicks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Most studies of food-related parenting practices, parental meal involvement, and adolescent dietary intake have focused on maternal influences; studies of paternal influences, particularly among marginalized groups, are lacking. This study examined lower-income, Latino fathers’ food parenting practices and involvement in planning meals, buying/preparing foods, and family meal frequency, separately and in combination, to identify relationships with adolescent food intake. Baseline data were used from Latino adolescents (10–14 years, n = 191, 49% boys) participating with their fathers in a community-based overweight/obesity prevention intervention. Fathers reported sociodemographic characteristics. Adolescents reported frequency of fathers’ food parenting practices, fathers’ food/meal involvement, and family meals and participated in 24 h dietary recalls. The analysis included regression models using GLM (generalized linear mixed model) and PLM (post GLM processing) procedures. Most fathers were married, employed full-time, and had annual incomes below USD 50,000. Favorable fathers’ food parenting practices were associated with adolescent intake of more fruit and vegetables and fewer sugar-sweetened beverages, sweets/salty snacks, and less fast food (p<0.05 or p < 0.01). No independent effects of family meal frequency or fathers’ food/meal involvement were observed on adolescent dietary outcomes. Additional analyses showed favorable food parenting practices in combination with frequent family meals were associated with adolescents having a higher intake of fruit (p = 0.011). Latino fathers can have an important positive influence on adolescent dietary intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8226
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative, grant number 2016-68001-24921 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Early adolescents’ consumption
  • Family meals
  • Fast food
  • Fathers’ food parenting practices
  • Fruit and vegetables
  • Latino fathers
  • Sugar-sweetened beverages
  • Sweets/salty snacks


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