Adolescent Consumption of Sports and Energy Drinks: Linkages to Higher Physical Activity, Unhealthy Beverage Patterns, Cigarette Smoking, and Screen Media Use

Nicole Larson, Jessica DeWolfe, Mary Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine patterns of adolescent sports and energy drink (SED) consumption and identify behavioral correlates. Design: Data were drawn from Eating and Activity in Teens, a population-based study. Setting: Adolescents from 20 middle and high schools in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN completed classroom-administered surveys. Participants: A total of 2,793 adolescents (53.2% girls) in grades 6-12. Variables Measured: Beverage patterns; breakfast frequency; moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA); media use; sleep; and cigarette smoking. Analysis: Linear and logistic regression models were used to estimate associations between health behaviors and SED consumption, adjusting for demographics. Results: Over a third of adolescents consumed sports drinks and 14.7% consumed energy drinks at least once a week. Among boys and girls, both sports and energy drink consumption were related to higher video game use; sugar-sweetened beverage and fruit juice intake; and smoking (P <.05). Sports drink consumption was also significantly related to higher MVPA and organized sport participation for both genders (P <.01). Conclusions and Implications: Although sports drink consumption was associated with higher MVPA, adolescents should be reminded of recommendations to consume these beverages only after vigorous, prolonged activity. There is also a need for future interventions designed to reduce SED consumption, to address the clustering of unhealthy behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Grant R01HL084064 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (PI: Dianne Neumark-Sztainer). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute or the National Institutes of Health.

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Dietary intake
  • Energy drinks
  • Physical activity
  • Sleep patterns
  • Sports drinks

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