Adolescent and Young Adult Vegetarianism: Better Dietary Intake and Weight Outcomes but Increased Risk of Disordered Eating Behaviors

Ramona Robinson-O'Brien, Cheryl L. Perry, Melanie M. Wall, Mary Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Examine characteristics of current and former adolescent and young adult vegetarians and investigate the relationships between vegetarianism, weight, dietary intake, and weight-control behaviors. Design: Cross-sectional analysis using data from a population-based study in Minnesota (Project EAT-II: Eating Among Teens). Setting: Participants completed a mailed survey and food frequency questionnaire in 2004. Participants: Males and females (n=2,516), ages 15-23 years. Main outcome measures: Weight status, dietary intake (fruit, vegetables, fat, calories), unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Analysis: Multiple regression models controlling for socioeconomic status and sex were used to test for significant differences between current, former, and never vegetarians within the younger and older cohort. Results: Participants were identified as current (4.3%), former (10.8%), and never (84.9%) vegetarians. Current vegetarians in the younger and older cohorts had healthier dietary intakes than nonvegetarians with regard to fruits, vegetables, and fat. Among young adults, current vegetarians were less likely than never vegetarians to be overweight or obese. Adolescent and young adult current vegetarians were more likely to report binge eating with loss of control when compared to nonvegetarians. Among adolescents, former vegetarians were more likely than never vegetarians to engage in extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Among young adults, former vegetarians were more likely than current and never vegetarians to engage in extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Conclusions and implications: Adolescent and young adult vegetarians may experience the health benefits associated with increased fruit and vegetable intake and young adults may experience the added benefit of decreased risk for overweight and obesity. However, current vegetarians may be at increased risk for binge eating with loss of control, while former vegetarians may be at increased risk for extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. It would be beneficial for clinicians to inquire about current and former vegetarian status when assessing risk for disordered eating behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)648-655
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

Fingerprint

Vegetarian Diet
vegetarian diet
eating disorders
Feeding Behavior
young adults
eating habits
Young Adult
food intake
Weights and Measures
Behavior Control
weight control
Vegetables
Fruit
Bulimia
binging
Vegetarians
Fats
plant fats
fruits
Insurance Benefits

Cite this

Adolescent and Young Adult Vegetarianism : Better Dietary Intake and Weight Outcomes but Increased Risk of Disordered Eating Behaviors. / Robinson-O'Brien, Ramona; Perry, Cheryl L.; Wall, Melanie M.; Story, Mary; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne.

In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 109, No. 4, 01.04.2009, p. 648-655.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{260f7f3779d34507b029376cf012dfbf,
title = "Adolescent and Young Adult Vegetarianism: Better Dietary Intake and Weight Outcomes but Increased Risk of Disordered Eating Behaviors",
abstract = "Objective: Examine characteristics of current and former adolescent and young adult vegetarians and investigate the relationships between vegetarianism, weight, dietary intake, and weight-control behaviors. Design: Cross-sectional analysis using data from a population-based study in Minnesota (Project EAT-II: Eating Among Teens). Setting: Participants completed a mailed survey and food frequency questionnaire in 2004. Participants: Males and females (n=2,516), ages 15-23 years. Main outcome measures: Weight status, dietary intake (fruit, vegetables, fat, calories), unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Analysis: Multiple regression models controlling for socioeconomic status and sex were used to test for significant differences between current, former, and never vegetarians within the younger and older cohort. Results: Participants were identified as current (4.3{\%}), former (10.8{\%}), and never (84.9{\%}) vegetarians. Current vegetarians in the younger and older cohorts had healthier dietary intakes than nonvegetarians with regard to fruits, vegetables, and fat. Among young adults, current vegetarians were less likely than never vegetarians to be overweight or obese. Adolescent and young adult current vegetarians were more likely to report binge eating with loss of control when compared to nonvegetarians. Among adolescents, former vegetarians were more likely than never vegetarians to engage in extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Among young adults, former vegetarians were more likely than current and never vegetarians to engage in extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Conclusions and implications: Adolescent and young adult vegetarians may experience the health benefits associated with increased fruit and vegetable intake and young adults may experience the added benefit of decreased risk for overweight and obesity. However, current vegetarians may be at increased risk for binge eating with loss of control, while former vegetarians may be at increased risk for extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. It would be beneficial for clinicians to inquire about current and former vegetarian status when assessing risk for disordered eating behaviors.",
author = "Ramona Robinson-O'Brien and Perry, {Cheryl L.} and Wall, {Melanie M.} and Mary Story and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer",
year = "2009",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jada.2008.12.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "109",
pages = "648--655",
journal = "Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics",
issn = "2212-2672",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescent and Young Adult Vegetarianism

T2 - Better Dietary Intake and Weight Outcomes but Increased Risk of Disordered Eating Behaviors

AU - Robinson-O'Brien, Ramona

AU - Perry, Cheryl L.

AU - Wall, Melanie M.

AU - Story, Mary

AU - Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

PY - 2009/4/1

Y1 - 2009/4/1

N2 - Objective: Examine characteristics of current and former adolescent and young adult vegetarians and investigate the relationships between vegetarianism, weight, dietary intake, and weight-control behaviors. Design: Cross-sectional analysis using data from a population-based study in Minnesota (Project EAT-II: Eating Among Teens). Setting: Participants completed a mailed survey and food frequency questionnaire in 2004. Participants: Males and females (n=2,516), ages 15-23 years. Main outcome measures: Weight status, dietary intake (fruit, vegetables, fat, calories), unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Analysis: Multiple regression models controlling for socioeconomic status and sex were used to test for significant differences between current, former, and never vegetarians within the younger and older cohort. Results: Participants were identified as current (4.3%), former (10.8%), and never (84.9%) vegetarians. Current vegetarians in the younger and older cohorts had healthier dietary intakes than nonvegetarians with regard to fruits, vegetables, and fat. Among young adults, current vegetarians were less likely than never vegetarians to be overweight or obese. Adolescent and young adult current vegetarians were more likely to report binge eating with loss of control when compared to nonvegetarians. Among adolescents, former vegetarians were more likely than never vegetarians to engage in extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Among young adults, former vegetarians were more likely than current and never vegetarians to engage in extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Conclusions and implications: Adolescent and young adult vegetarians may experience the health benefits associated with increased fruit and vegetable intake and young adults may experience the added benefit of decreased risk for overweight and obesity. However, current vegetarians may be at increased risk for binge eating with loss of control, while former vegetarians may be at increased risk for extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. It would be beneficial for clinicians to inquire about current and former vegetarian status when assessing risk for disordered eating behaviors.

AB - Objective: Examine characteristics of current and former adolescent and young adult vegetarians and investigate the relationships between vegetarianism, weight, dietary intake, and weight-control behaviors. Design: Cross-sectional analysis using data from a population-based study in Minnesota (Project EAT-II: Eating Among Teens). Setting: Participants completed a mailed survey and food frequency questionnaire in 2004. Participants: Males and females (n=2,516), ages 15-23 years. Main outcome measures: Weight status, dietary intake (fruit, vegetables, fat, calories), unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Analysis: Multiple regression models controlling for socioeconomic status and sex were used to test for significant differences between current, former, and never vegetarians within the younger and older cohort. Results: Participants were identified as current (4.3%), former (10.8%), and never (84.9%) vegetarians. Current vegetarians in the younger and older cohorts had healthier dietary intakes than nonvegetarians with regard to fruits, vegetables, and fat. Among young adults, current vegetarians were less likely than never vegetarians to be overweight or obese. Adolescent and young adult current vegetarians were more likely to report binge eating with loss of control when compared to nonvegetarians. Among adolescents, former vegetarians were more likely than never vegetarians to engage in extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Among young adults, former vegetarians were more likely than current and never vegetarians to engage in extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. Conclusions and implications: Adolescent and young adult vegetarians may experience the health benefits associated with increased fruit and vegetable intake and young adults may experience the added benefit of decreased risk for overweight and obesity. However, current vegetarians may be at increased risk for binge eating with loss of control, while former vegetarians may be at increased risk for extreme unhealthful weight-control behaviors. It would be beneficial for clinicians to inquire about current and former vegetarian status when assessing risk for disordered eating behaviors.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=62749103873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=62749103873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jada.2008.12.014

DO - 10.1016/j.jada.2008.12.014

M3 - Article

C2 - 19328260

AN - SCOPUS:62749103873

VL - 109

SP - 648

EP - 655

JO - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

SN - 2212-2672

IS - 4

ER -