Adnexal masses in infancy and childhood

Kris Ann P. Schultz, Kirsten K. Ness, Rajaram Nagarajan, Marie E. Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The presentation of adnexal masses in childhood differs from that in adult women. Children may present with poorly localized symptoms or precocious puberty. Ovarian cysts occur throughout development; ovarian tumors are less frequent but occur in all age groups. Congenital malformations may present with signs or symptoms of an adnexal mass. Occasionally adnexal findings may suggest the presence of an underlying syndrome. Assessment of the patient's developmental, hormonal, and pubertal status is necessary to ensure an accurate diagnosis. Treatment options must consider risks to ovarian function and future fertility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-479
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006


  • All child
  • Genital neoplasms
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Ovarian disease
  • Ovarian neoplasms
  • Precocious puberty


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