No clear dosing guidelines exist for cyclophosphamide (Cy) dose adjustments in obese patients treated with high-dose chemoradiotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We prospectively compared the outcomes of high-dose Cy/total body irradiation (TBI) conditioning in 147 non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients in 3 weight groups: nonobese (<120% ideal body weight [IBW]; n = 72), overweight (120% to 149% IBW; n = 46), and obese (≥150% IBW; n = 29). Nonobese and overweight patients received Cy (120 mg/kg of total body weight, intravenously) and TBI (1320 cGy), whereas obese patients (median body mass index, 36) received an adjusted Cy dose based on IBW plus 50% of the difference between total body weight and IBW (AdjBW50). The median patient age was 57 years (range, 19 to 73). The most common diagnoses were diffuse large B cell lymphoma (n = 57) and mantle cell lymphoma (n = 51). Three-year overall survival was 61% (95% confidence interval [CI], 48% to 72%) for nonobese patients, 68% (95% CI, 52% to 82%) for overweight patients, and 80% (95% CI, 62% to 93%) for obese patients. Cumulative incidence of relapse (48%, 43%, and 38%, respectively) and nonrelapse mortality (∼4%) were similar in all groups. Hemorrhagic cystitis and cardiac toxicity were rare events. Our data show that the AdjBW50 formula can be safely and effectively used for Cy dose adjustments in obese patients treated for NHL with high-dose Cy/TBI conditioning followed by autologous HCT.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health Award Number UL1TR000114 (V.B.). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. This work was also supported in part by NIH P30 CA77598 utilizing the Biostatistics and informatics core, Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota shared resource.
© 2016 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
- Hematopoietic cell transplantation