The hemopoietic specific adapter protein ADAP (adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein) positively regulates TCR-dependent, integrin-mediated adhesion and participates in signaling pathways downstream of the TCR that result in T cell activation. The specific role of ADAP in regulating Ag-dependent T cell interactions with APCs and T cell activation following Ag stimulation is not known. We used ADAP-/- DO11.10 T cells to demonstrate that ADAP promotes T cell conjugation to Ag-laden APCs. Complementary in vitro and in vivo approaches reveal that ADAP controls optimal T cell proliferation, cytokine production, and expression of the prosurvival protein Bcl-xL in response to limiting Ag doses. Furthermore, ADAP is critical for clonal expansion in vivo independent of Ag concentration under conditions of low clonal abundance. These results suggest that ADAP regulates T cell activation by promoting Ag-dependent T cell-APC interactions, resulting in enhanced T cell sensitivity to Ag, and by participating in prosurvival signaling pathways initiated by Ag stimulation.