Addressing the need for ethnic and racial diversity in the pipeline for pharmacy faculty

Hope E. Campbell, Angela M. Hagan, Caroline A. Gaither

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Objective. To analyze the ethnic and racial diversity of faculty in pharmacy, medicine, and dentistry in the United States and suggest how the pipeline for pharmacy academe can be diversified. Methods. A retrospective analysis of the representativeness of faculty at schools and colleges of pharmacy was compared to that in schools and colleges of medicine and dentistry. The range of ethnic and racial diversity across top schools of pharmacy, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), and newer schools of pharmacy was evaluated for both faculty and students for the year 2019-2020. The ethnic and racial diversity in residency and fellowship programs along with graduation rates provided insight into the available pipeline for future pharmacy faculty. Results. Faculty in pharmacy, medicine, and dentistry demonstrated similarly low representation of underrepresented minorities (URMs) compared to their composition within the US population. Dentistry had the largest percentage of URMs (13.9%), compared with 8.5% in pharmacy and 7.1% in medicine. Five HBCUs contributed 32.8% of all Black faculty, yet their graduates had comparatively low residency match rates. The ratio of URM students to non-URM students in post-PharmD and graduate training programs is lower than the ratio of URM students to non-URM students in pharmacy programs. Conclusion. Lack of access to postgraduate residency or fellowship training programs is a major barrier to progression to pharmacy academe and impacts URMs more significantly. Barriers to advanced training must be removed or decreased to create the needed diverse faculty candidates for pharmacy academe. Without intervention, students in pharmacy programs will be primarily trained by non-URM faculty, which may impact how graduates provide care in an increasingly diverse patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8586
Pages (from-to)950-958
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.


  • Diversity
  • Faculty
  • Pipeline
  • Race
  • Schools and colleges of pharmacy


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